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Strengthening the rule of law

The United Nations Rule of Law Website and Document Repository is a promotional and educational tool for practitioners and the general public. It seeks to inform users about the UN’s work in the field of rule of law, and its efforts to coordinate and strengthen system-wide approaches in this field. It is the central UN rule of law web-based resource, serving as a gateway to the rest of the UN’s related sites, and making information more widely accessible about UN rule of law issues and activities, and the various tools, documents and materials on the subject. The website is also an avenue for users to access other web resources on or related to rule of law, developed by the UN or external organizations.

The Secretary-General has defined the guiding principles and framework for UN rule of law activities at the national level that apply in all circumstances, including in crisis, post-crisis, conflict-prevention, conflict, post-conflict and peacebuilding, as well as in development contexts. The UN’s responsibility is to help establish the rule of law for all on the basis of equality and non-discrimination, with due attention to the rights and specific vulnerabilities of groups subject to marginalization.

Strengthening the rule of law at the national level is a difficult, complex and long-term task, the success of which depends on the commitment of the national communities with whom the UN works. Rule of law programming requires in-depth understanding of the political context and grounding in national assessments, needs and aspirations. Leadership and decision-making for the programme must be in the hands of national stakeholders. Political will on the part of national authorities is essential. National ownership also involves public consultation based on the principles of inclusion, participation, transparency and accountability. A key part of UN rule of law engagement is support for reform constituencies and the legal empowerment of all sectors of society so that all voices can be heard when national priorities are being set.

The UN common approach to rule of law at the national level emphasizes strategic considerations and partnerships. It involves all relevant UN entities jointly conducting thorough assessments with the full and meaningful participation of national stakeholders to determine rule of law needs and challenges; supporting the development of a comprehensive rule of law strategy based on the results of the assessment; developing a joint UN rule of law programme guided by the strategy; and assigning accountabilities and implementation responsibilities. Effective coordination and strong partnerships with other rule of law stakeholders are also key aspects of the approach.

Principal Resource:
The United Nations Rule of Law Website and Document Repository

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Prospects:- International human rights treaties and instruments provide that victims of international crimes have the right to seek and obtain effective remedies for the violation of their rights. In honouring the victims’ right to benefit from remedies and reparation, the international community keeps faith with the plight of victims, survivors and future human generations and reaffirms international law in the field...International Courts and Tribunals


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