There is no grievance that is a fit object of redress by mob law. Let every American, every lover of liberty, every well wisher to his posterity, swear by the blood of the Revolution, never to violate in the least particular, he laws of the country; and never to tolerate their violation by others. ...More
International human rights law lays down obligations which States are bound to respect. By becoming parties to international treaties, States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights. The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.
Through ratification of international human rights treaties, Governments undertake to put into place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations and duties. The domestic legal system, therefore, provides the principal legal protection of your human rights guaranteed under international law. Where domestic legal proceedings fail to address human rights abuses, mechanisms and procedures for individual complaints or communications are available at the regional and international levels to help ensure that international human rights standards are indeed respected, implemented, and enforced at the local level. Regional human rights protection systems also have a crucial role in enforcing international law.
Read more information on International law
"In 1758 the Swiss jurist Emmerich Vattel expounded the fundamental principle of diplomatic protection when he wrote that âWhoever ill-treats a citizen indirectly injures the State, which must protect that citizenâ (E. Vattel, The Law of Nations, or the Principles of Natural Law, Classics of International Law, Book II, Chapter VI at 136 (ed. C. Fenwich transl. 1916)." âArticles on Diplomatic Protection 2006
Mindful, in particular, that a judgment debt is hanging over the Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates. The judgment is binding and enforceable by the court of Abu Dhabi from where the ruling came from. The Judgment debt of Abu Dhabi, can be eliminated or satisfied by the enforcement of judgments and legal remedies… “Reputation of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates!”
âKhobragade Scandal and Indian Diplomacyâ
âUnder international law, the state is responsible for all actions or omissions of its officials and organs. This is the function of the basic rules of international law concerning the responsibility of States for their internationally wrongful acts and the legal consequences which flow therefrom. The âsuccessor governmentsâ also remain bound by the acts incurred by the âpredecessor governmentsâ...âKhobragade scandal sheds new light on Indiaâs rotten diplomacyâ
âIndo-Gulf Reparation Mechanismsâ
âA State which acts towards foreign nationals in bad faith - violates the minimum standards of international law and acts contrary to the principles of law recognized by civilized nationsâ...âIndo-Gulf Reparation Mechanismsâ
âInternational Framework on Human Rightsâ
âArticle 5 & 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR) of 1963 specifies consular officialsâ duties when citizens of their country face difficulties in a foreign State. They are particularly relevant while considering the serious actions to be pursued at the Ambassadorâs level for securing the interests of the sending State and of its Nationalsâ...âArticle 5 & 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR) 1963â
UNCLOS â United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982...Read Full Text
The Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005...Read Full Text
(4) Article 2(3) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights obligates States "to ensure that any person whose rights or freedoms as herein recognized are violated shall have an effective remedy," and "[t]o ensure that any person claiming such a remedy shall have his right thereto determined by competent judicial, administrative or legislative authorities." International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, art.2(3), Dec. 16. 1966, S. Exec. Doc. E, Doc.E, 95-2 (1978), 999 U.N.T.S. 171 [International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights - ICCPR].
(6) Legal Framework of Rome Statute
The legal framework of Rome Statute is based on respect for individual rights and freedoms and included mechanisms to ensure impartial justice...The full text
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights...Read More
Whatâs Reparation Law?
The various forms of reparation law and their scope and content, covering both monetary and non-monetary reparations, may be summarized in its five forms consists restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition. Reparation shall render justice by removing or redressing the consequences of the wrongful acts and by preventing and deterring violations... Whatâs Reparation Law
Defining the Goals of Reparations
The quest for protecting individuals from mass atrocities is as old as the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The larger part of the Principles and Guidelines, with strong domestic law implications, sets out the status and the rights of victims, and corresponds to the title of the document as it refers to the right of victims to a remedy and reparation... Defining the Goals of Reparations
The Concept of Reparations
Reparation for the victims or survivors of torture, which is their right under international and many national laws, is becoming more and more a realistic possibility. As a result, many legal academics and lawyers, sociologists, medical practitioners and psychologists are now discussing the concept of reparation...The Concept of Reparations
A Handbook on Justice for Victims
A Handbook on Justice for Victims based on the use and application of the âDeclaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Powerâ....More
Prospects:- International human rights treaties and instruments provide that victims of international crimes have the right to seek and obtain effective remedies for the violation of their rights. In honouring the victimsâ right to benefit from remedies and reparation, the international community keeps faith with the plight of victims, survivors and future human generations and reaffirms international law in the field...International Courts and Tribunals
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